All night,you're plagued by tiny pinpricks and incessant itching. It doesn't take you long to figure out that you're being attacked by a seemingly infinite mob of hungry fleas.
For many people, seeing fleas prompts an immediate trip to a pet-supply store or to the vet for some type of chemical that will get rid of them. These chemicals can fall into a few basic categories,
Insect growth regulators(IGRs)
keep flea eggs from hatching by mimicking flea hormones. They may or may not affect pupae, and they have no effect on adult fleas. Some IGRs are topical -- pets absorb them through their skin, and fleas ingest them with the hosts' blood. One IGR, methoprene, is often used as a spray. The World Health Organization has also approved methoprene for use in controlling mosquito larvae in malaria-prone areas.
Chitin synthesis inhibitors, also known as insect development inhibitors, keep young fleas from developing properly by disrupting the formation of their exoskeletons. Lufenuron, also known as Program, is a chitin synthesis inhibitor.Pesticides kill adult fleas. Imidacloprid, sold under the brand name Advantage, is an example of a topical pesticide.
Repellentslike DEET discourage fleas from entering a particular area.
TIPS TO CONTROL FLEAS
1:-Treat your pets and their environment at the same time.
2:-Bathe your pet and use a flea comb to remove fleas. If you plan to use a topical flea treatment on your pet, follow the instructions regarding how long to wait before or after bathing your pet.
3:-Vacuum your home thoroughly at least every other day. Immediately empty the canister or replace the bag, and discard the debris in an outdoor garbage can.
4:-Launder or replace pets' bedding.
5:-Mow your lawn regularly. Rake and discard any leaves or other lawn debris, and keep piles of sand away from your home.
6:-Whenever possible, discourage wild animals from entering your yard.
7:-There are a few home remedies for fleas that don't work. While flea collars can help keep fleas off of your pets, they don't generally have much of an effect on established infestations. Feeding brewer's yeast, garlic and vitamin supplements to pets is also unlikely to do much good against fleas. Ultrasonic collars also don't appear to act as a flea deterrent or repellent.
Most of the time, if you treat your pet, lawn and home for fleas at the same time, you can get rid of an infestation on your own. If not, you may need to contact a professional exterminator.
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