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Thread: About Taj Mahal, in French

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    About Taj Mahal, in French

    The Taj Mahal Hindi:"crown of buildings", pronounced ; also "the Taj")
    is a mausoleum located in Agra, India. It is one of the most recognizable structures in the world. It was built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in memory
    of his third wife, Mumtaz Mahal. It is widely considered as one of the most beautiful buildings in the world and stands as a symbol of eternal love.

    Taj Mahal is the finest example of Mughal architecture, a style that combines elements from Persian, Islamic and Indian architectural styles.

    In 1983, the Taj Mahal became a UNESCO World Heritage Site. While the white domed marble mausoleum is the most familiar component of the Taj Mahal,
    it is actually an integrated complex of structures. The construction began around 1632 and was completed around 1653, employing thousands of artisans
    and craftsmen. The construction of the Taj Mahal was entrusted to a board of architects under imperial supervision, including Abd ul-Karim Ma'mur Khan,
    Makramat Khan, and Ustad Ahmad Lahauri.
    Lahauri is generally considered to be the principal designer.

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    In 1631, Shah Jahan, emperor during the Mughal empire's period of greatest prosperity, was grief-stricken when his third wife, Mumtaz Mahal,
    died during the birth of their 14th child, Gauhara Begum. Construction of the Taj Mahal began in 1632, one year after her death.
    The court chronicles of Shah Jahan's grief illustrate the love story traditionally held as an inspiration for Taj Mahal.
    The principal mausoleum was completed in 1648 and the surrounding buildings and garden were finished five years later.
    Emperor Shah Jahan himself described the Taj in these words:

    Shah Jahan, who commissioned the Taj Mahal -"Shah jahan on a globe" from the Smithsonian Institution

    Artistic depiction of Mumtaz Mahal

    Should guilty seek asylum here,
    Like one pardoned, he becomes free from sin.
    Should a sinner make his way to this mansion,
    All his past sins are to be washed away.
    The sight of this mansion creates sorrowing sighs;
    And the sun and the moon shed tears from their eyes.
    In this world this edifice has been made;
    To display thereby the creator's glory.

    The Taj Mahal incorporates and expands on design traditions of Persian architecture and earlier Mughal architecture.
    Specific inspiration came from successful Timurid and Mughal buildings including; the Gur-e Amir
    (the tomb of Timur, progenitor of the Mughal dynasty, in Samarkand),[15] Humayun's Tomb, Itmad-Ud-Daulah's Tomb (sometimes called the Baby Taj),
    and Shah Jahan's own Jama Masjid in Delhi. While earlier Mughal buildings were primarily constructed of red sandstone,
    Shah Jahan promoted the use of white marble inlaid with semi-precious stones, and buildings under his patronage reached new levels of refinement.

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