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Thread: Ghana

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    Senior Member Array aamirbati's Avatar
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    Ghana

    Ghana , officially the Republic of Ghana, is a country located in West Africa. It is bordered by Côte d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast) to the west, Burkina Faso to the north, Togo to the east, and the Gulf of Guinea to the south. The word Ghana means "Warrior King" and is derived from the ancient Ghana Empire.
    Ghana was inhabited in pre-colonial times by a number of ancient predominantly Akan kingdoms, including the Akwamu on the eastern coast, the inland Ashanti Empire and various Fante and non-Akan states, like the Ga and Ewe, along the coast and inland. The Mande-Gur speaking groups in the north of the country established several Islamized states, in particular those of Dagbon and Gonja, and were the middle-men in trade between other larger sahelian Muslim states (such as Mali and Songhai) and the early Akan kingdoms, especially in the gold, slave and salt trade. Trade with European states flourished after contact with the Portuguese in the 15th century, and the British established the Gold Coast Crown colony in 1874.
    The Gold Coast achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1957, becoming the first sub-Saharan African nation to do so, and the name Ghana was chosen for the new nation to reflect the ancient Empire of Ghana, which once extended throughout much of west Africa. Ghana is a member of the South Atlantic Peace and Cooperation Zone, the Commonwealth of Nations, the Economic Community of West African States, the African Union, and an associate member of La Francophonie. Ghana is the second largest producer of cocoa in the world and is home to Lake Volta, the largest artificial lake in the world by surface area.


     

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    Senior Member Array aamirbati's Avatar
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    The word Ghana means Warrior King and was the title accorded to the kings of the medieval West African Ghana Empire.
    Geographically, the Ghana Empire was approximately 500 miles (800 km) north and west of modern Ghana,
    and it ruled territories in the area of the Sénégal River and east towards the Niger River, in modern Senegal, Mauritania and Mali.

    Ghana was adopted as the legal name for the Gold Coast combined with British Togoland upon gaining autonomy on March 6, 1957.
    It was not until July 1, 1960, however, that Ghana asserted its complete independence from Britain and became known as the Republic of Ghana.

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    Senior Member Array aamirbati's Avatar
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    There is archaeological evidence which shows that humans have lived in present-day Ghana from about 1500 BC.
    Nonetheless, there is no proof that those early dwellers are related to the current inhabitants of the area.
    Oral tradition states that many of Ghana's current ethnic groups such as the multi-ethnic Akan,
    the Ga and the Ewe arrived around the 13th century AD. However, the Mamprusi are believed to be the first settlers,
    having been fully established by 1210 AD, before the arrival of the other ethnic groups.

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    very instructing

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