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Thread: Significance of Fasting the Day of `Ashura'

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    Significance of Fasting the Day of `Ashura'

    As a matter of fact, the true Muslim always takes the advantage of the blessed occasions and days of Islam. He spares no efforts in drawing himself nearer to Allah. In doing so, he concerns himself with knowing the virtuous days and occasions in Islam so as to follow his Prophet's suit in all spheres of life.

    And (remember) when We separated the sea for you and saved you and drowned Fir'aun's (Pharaoh) people while you were looking (at them, when the sea-water covered them). (2:50)

    Ibn 'Abbas® reported: "The Prophet (peace be upon him) came to Madinah and found the Jews fasting on the day of 'Ashurah. He said to them: 'What is this fast?' They said: 'A great day. Allah saved Moses (peace be upon him) and the tribes of Israel from their enemies on this day and therefore, Moses (peace be upon him) fasted on this day.' The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: 'We have more of a right to Moses (peace be upon him) than you,' so he fasted on that day also and ordered the people to fast on that day." (This is recorded by al-Bukhari and Muslim). According to al-Bukhari and Muslim, Musa al-Ash'ari® reported: "The Jews would honor the day of 'Ashurah as an E’id. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: 'You [Muslims] are to fast on it.'"

    Abu Hurairah® reported: "I asked the Prophet (peace be upon him): 'Which prayer is the best after the obligatory prayers?' He said: 'Prayer during the middle of the night.' I asked: 'Which fast is the best after the fast of Ramadan?' He said, 'The month of Allah that you call Muharram." (This is related by Ahmad, Muslim, and Abu Dawud).

    'Aishah® stated: "The tribe of Quraish used to fast on the day of 'Ashurah in the days before Islam, as did the Prophet. When he came to Madinah, he still fasted on it and ordered the people to do likewise. Then, when fasting during the month of Ramadan became obligatory, he said: 'Whoever wishes may fast ['Ashurah] and whoever wishes may leave it." (This is related by al-Bukhari and Muslim).

    Mu'awiyyah ibn Abu Sufyan® reported that he heard the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) say: "Concerning the day of 'Ashurah, it is not obligatory upon you to fast on it as I do. Whoever wishes may fast and whoever does not wish to is not obliged to do so." (This is related by al-Bukhari and Muslim).

    Ibn 'Abbas® reported: "The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) fasted on the day of 'Ashurah and ordered the people to fast on it. The people said: 'O Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him), it is a day that the Jews and Christians honor.' The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, 'When the following year comes—‘Allah willing’--we shall fast on the ninth.' The death of the Prophet (peace be upon him) came before the following year." (This is recorded by Muslim and Abu Dawud).


    Ibn `Abbas (may Allah be pleased with them both) said:

    "I never saw Allah's Messenger
    (peace and blessings be upon him)
    so keen to fast any day
    and give it priority over any other
    than this day, the day of `Ashura',
    and this month, meaning Ramadan."


    (Al-Bukhari, Hadith 1867)



    In another hadith we are told that fasting the day of `Ashura'
    expiates the sins of the previous year
    as the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said,

    "Fasting the day of `Ashura' (is of great merits),
    I hope that Allah will accept it as anexpiation
    for (the sins committed in) the previous year."

    (Muslim)



    Dr. Muzammil. Siddiqi, former President of the Islamic Society of North America, states:

    Fasting the Day of `Ashura' is not to mourn the martyrdom of imam Husain (may Allah be pleased with him). We deeply respect Imam Husain's martyrdom, we honor his glorious act of sacrifice for the sake of Islam. He gave us a great example of truth, courage and piety. But we also feel pain and grief in our hearts for his assassination at the hand of some hypocrites who took Islam as a pretext to commit their crime. They fought and killed Allah's Messenger's beloved and blessed grandson and his family. This was the most heinous and shameful crime that was committed for the sake of political power. This tragic event took place in the year 61 AH or 680 CE. However, the tradition of `Ashura' fasting is very ancient and it goes back to a long time before imam Hussain.


     


    It is reported in the Sahih of Imam Al-Bukhari
    and other authentic collections of hadith that

    The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him)
    and his Companions used to fast
    on the 10th day of Muharram
    while they were in Makkah (before the hijrah).


    It was a day on which people of Makkah
    used to change the covering (kiswah) of the Ka`bah.
    Quraysh also used to fast on this day.


    (Al-Bukhari, hadith 1489 and 1760)


    After the hijrah when the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) came to Madinah, he found that the Jews of Madinah also used to observe this day with fasting.
    The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him)
    asked them the reason of their fasting on this day.
    They said,
    "This is a blessed day. On this day Allah saved
    the Children of Israel from their enemy (in Egypt)
    and so Prophet Musa fasted on this day
    giving thanks to Allah."
    The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said,
    "We have more claim to Musa than you."
    He fasted on that day
    and commanded Muslims to fast on this day.

    (Al-Bukhari, hadith 1865)



    In another report it is mentioned that
    Jews of Madinah used to hold a feast on this day.
    The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him)
    told his Companions to fast instead.

    (Al-Bukhari, hadith 1866)



    `Ashura' fasting was obligatory (fard) in the beginning. In the second year of hijrah (624 CE) when Allah's command came that Muslims should fast the whole month of Ramadan, the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) then sent someone to announce to people that fasting of `Ashura' had become voluntary (nafl). This indicates that whosoever wishes to fast, may fast and whosoever does not want to fast, there will be no blame on him/her.

    Imam At-Tirmidhi mentioned that
    ibn `Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) used to say that
    we should fast on two days:
    the 9th and 10th of Muharram
    to distinguish ourselves from the Jewish community.

    (At-Tirmidhi)


    Ibn`Abbas also quoted
    the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) as saying,
    "If I live next year, I shall also fast on the 9th day."


    (MusnadAhmad ibnHanbal, hadith2002)


    There is a great reward in fasting the day of `Ashura'. There are many hadiths that mention its blessings and virtues. It is good to fast on this day, although it is not obligatory.

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    good post dear. however, i read only the bolded lines.

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    Senior Member Array cupcakes's Avatar
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    no probzz.. i just hope you got the message!!
    !! بَارَكَ اللهُ

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