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Thread: CONCEPT OF GOD IN HINDUS,CHRISTIANITY AND ISLAM

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    CONCEPT OF GOD IN HINDUS,CHRISTIANITY AND ISLAM

    As i am the student of bible,vedas, and quran
    And i am a muslim
    "THE NOTES WHICH I HAVE WRITTEN DOWN IS SOME THING WHICH I HAVE STUDIED AND SOMETHING IS SOURCE FROM INTERNET"
    .

    .
    Concept of God in Hinduism,Christianity and in Islam
    .
    Let us examine the concept of God in these major religions in light of their respective scriptures and study if there are similarities.
    First we shall discuss the
    .
    "Concept of God in Hinduism."
    .
    COMMON CONCEPT OF GOD IN HINDUISM :

    If you ask some lay persons who are Hindus that how many gods do theybelieve in, some may say three, some may say thirty-three, some may say a thousand, while some may say thirty-three crores i.e. 330 million. But if you ask this question to a learned Hindu who is well versed with the Hindu Scriptures, he will reply that the Hindus should actually believe and worship only one God.
    .
    DIFFERENCE BETWEEN ISLAM AND HINDUISM IS THAT OF
    .
    (Everything is God's
    Everything is God)
    .
    while the common Hindu believes in the philosophy of Pantheism, i.e. everything is God, the Tree is God, the Sun is God, the Moon is Godetc, the Human Being isGod, all Muslims believe that everything is God's.
    .
    The Muslims believe that everything is God's. GOD with an apostrophe 's'. Everything belongs to the one and only unique eternal God.
    .
    Thus the major difference between the Hindus and the Muslims is the apostrophe ˜'s'. The Hindu says, everything is GOD. The Muslim says, everything is God's, GOD with an Apostrophe 's'. If we can solve the difference of the Apostrophe 's', the Hindus and the Muslims will be united.
    .
    The Glorious Quran says
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    UPANISHAD:
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    Upanishads are one of the sacred Scriptures of the Hindus.
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    In (Chandogya Upanishad Chapter 6 Section 2 verse 1)
    .
    it is said
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    "Ekam Evadvitiyam"
    meaning:
    "He is one only without a second."
    .
    In(Shwetashvatara Upanishad Chapter 6 verse 9)
    .
    it is said
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    "Nacasya kascij janita na cadhipah"
    meaning:
    "Of Him there are neither parents nor Lord."
    .
    In (Shwetashvatara Upanishad Chapter 4 verse 19)
    .
    it is said
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    "Na tasya pratima asti"
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    meaning
    "There is no likeness of Him"
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    In (Shwetashvatara Upanishad Chapter 4 verse 20)
    .
    it is said
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    na samdrse tisthati rupam asya, na caksusa pasyati kas canainam
    .
    meaning:
    His form cannot be seen, no one sees Him with the eye
    .
    In (BHAGWAD GEETA 7:20)
    .
    The most popular amongst all the Hindu Scriptures is the Bhagwad Geeta.
    .
    it is said
    .
    Those whose intelligence has been stolen by material desires worship demigods that is Those who are materialistic, they worship demigods i.e. others as deities besides the True God.
    .
    It is mentioned in bhagavat gita
    He who knows Me as the unborn, as the beginning-less, as the Supreme Lord of all the worlds..
    .
    In (Bhagwad Geeta 10:3)
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    YAJURVEDA
    .
    Vedas are the most sacred amongst all the Hindu Scriptures. There are principally 4 Vedas: Rig Ved, Yajur Ved, Sam Ved, and Atharva Ved.
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    In*(Yajurveda Chapter 32, Verse 3)
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    It is mentioned in Yajurveda
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    "na tasya pratima asti"
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    Meaning
    "There is no image of Him"
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    It further says,as He is unborn, He deserves our worship
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    In (Yajurveda Chapter 40 Verse
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    It is mentioned
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    "He is bodiless and pure"
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    In (Yajurved Chapter 40 Verse 9)
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    It is mentioned
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    "Andhatma pravishanti yeassambhuti mupaste"
    .
    "They enter darkness, those who worship natural things."
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    E.g. worship of natural elements air, water, fire, etc.
    .
    It further continues and says
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    "They sink deeper in darkness those who worship sambhuti i.e. created things"
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    E.g. created things such as table, chair, idols, etc.
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    "ATHARVA VEDA"
    .
    In*(Atharva Veda book 20 hymn (chapter) 58 verse 3)
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    It is mentioned* in Atharva Veda
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    "Dev Maha Osi"
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    God is Verily Great
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    "RIGVEDA"
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    The oldest and most sacred amongst all the Vedas is the Rigveda.
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    In (Rigveda Book no. 1, Hymn No. 164, verse 46)
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    It is mentioned in Rigveda
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    "Ekam sat vipra bahudha vadanti"
    .
    "Sages (learned Priests) call one God by many names"
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    "Truth is one, God is one, sages call it by various names."
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    (A similar message is given in Rigveda, Book 10, hymn 114, verse 5.)
    .
    In (Rigveda Book 2 hymn 1)
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    Rigveda gives no less than 33 different attributes to Almighty God. Several of these attributes are mentioned in Rigveda Book 2 hymn 1
    .
    In the first name is "Brahma"in sanskrit- "Creator"in english - "Khaliq"in arabic
    ( Rigveda Book 2 Hymn 1 Verse 3)
    .
    but if someone says that ˜Brahma i.e. Almighty God has got*four heads and on each head is a crown and this Brahma has got four hands, Islam takes strong exception to it because such descriptions give an image to Almighty God. Such descriptions are also against what is propounded in
    (Yajurveda Chapter 32, verse 3 )which says:
    .
    Na tasya pratima asti
    .
    There is no image of Him
    .

    It is mentioned in Rigveda
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    Ma Chidanyadvi Shansata
    .
    Do not worship anybody but Him, the Divine One, Praise Him alone
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    These are said in (Rigveda 8:1:1)
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    BRAHMA SUTRA OF HINDU VEDANTA
    .
    The Brahma Sutra of Hindu Vedanta is:
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    ˜"Ekam Brahm, dvitiya naste neh na naste kinchan"
    .
    "God is only one not the second not the second not the second"
    .
    "There is only one God, not the second, not at all, not at all, not in the least bit"
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    All the above quoted verses and passages from Hindu Scriptures clearly amplify the Oneness and Uniqueness of Almighty God, the Creator of all. Furthermore, they negate the existence of any other deity besides the One True God. These verses essentially propound monotheism.
    .
    CONCEPT OF GOD IN ISLAM
    .
    The Quran too propounds monotheism. So you will find similarities between Hinduism and Islam even in the concept of God.
    .
    a. SURAH IKHLAS WITH EXPLANATION
    .
    (i) Translation
    As per Islam, the best and the most concise definition of God is given in Surah Ikhlas of the Glorious Quran:
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    "Say He is Allah,"
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    "The One and Only"
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    "Allah, the Eternal, Absolute;"
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    "He begets not,"
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    "Nor is He begotten;"
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    "And there is none"
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    "Like unto Him."

    (Al Quran ch112 v1-4)
    .




     


    The word ˜assamad is difficult to translate. It means that absolute existence can be attributed only to Allah, all other existence being temporal or conditional. It also means Allah is not dependant on any person or thing but all persons and things are dependent on Him.
    .
    It is the touch stone of Theology
    .
    Surah Ikhlas i.e. Chapter 112 of the Glorious Quran is the touchstone of Theology. ˜Theo in Greek means God and ˜logy means study. Thus Theology means study of God and Surah Ikhlas is the touchstone of the study of God.
    .
    If you want to purchase or sell your gold jewellery, you would first evaluate it. Such an evaluation of gold jewellery is done by a goldsmith with the help of a touchstone. He rubs the gold jewellery on the touch stone and compares its colour with rubbing samples of gold. If it matches with 24 Karat gold he will tell that your jewellery is 24 Karat pure Gold. If it is not high quality pure Gold, he will tell you its value whether 22 Karats, 18 Karats or it may not be gold at all. It may be fake because all that glitters is not gold.
    .
    Similarly Surah Ikhlas (Chapter 112 of the Quran) is the touchstone of theology, which can verify whether the deity that you worship is a true God or a false God. Thus, Surah Ikhlaas is a four-line definition of Almighty God according to the Quran. If any one claims to be, or is believed to be Almighty God satisfies this four-line definition, we Muslims will readily accept that deity as God. This Chapter of the Glorious Quran, Surah Ikhlas, is the acid test. It is the Furqan or the criterion to judge between the one True God and false claimants to divinity. Hence, whichever deity any human on earth worships, if such a deity fulfills the criteria specified in this Chapter of the Quran, then this deity is worthy of worship and is the One True God.
    .
    CONCEPT OF GOD IN CHRISTIANITY
    CONCEPT OF GOD IN CHRISTIANITY


    Position of Jesus (peace be on him)
    CONCEPT OF GOD IN CHRISTIANITY:
    1.
    Jesus Christ (pbuh) never claimed Divinity
    .
    One may ask, if both Muslims and Christians love and respect Jesus (pbuh), where exactly is the parting of ways? The major difference between Islam and Christianity is the Christians insistence on the supposed divinity of Christ (pbuh). A study of the Christian scriptures reveals that Jesus (pbuh) never claimed divinity. In fact there is not a single unequivocal statement in the entire Bible where Jesus (pbuh) himself says, "I am God" or where he says, "worship me". In fact the Bible contains statements attributed to Jesus (pbuh) in which he preached quite the contrary. The following statements in the Bible are attributed to Jesus Christ (pbuh):
    .
    .
    (i) "My Father is greater than I."
    [The Bible, John 14:28]
    .
    .
    (ii) "My Father is greater than all."
    [The Bible, John 10:29]
    .
    .
    (iii) "I cast out devils by the Spirit of God."
    [The Bible, Mathew 12:28]
    .
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    (iv) "I with the finger of God cast out devilsв."
    [The Bible, Luke 11:20]
    .
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    (v) "I can of mine own self do nothing: as I hear, I judge: and my judgement is just; because I seek not my own will, but the will of the Father which hath sent me."
    [The Bible, John 5:30]
    .
    2.
    The Mission of Jesus Christ (pbuh) to Fulfill the Law
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    Jesus (pbuh) never claimed divinity for himself. He clearly announced the nature of his mission. Jesus (pbuh) was sent by God to confirm the previous Judaic law. This is clearly evident in the following statements attributed to Jesus (pbuh) in the Gospelof Mathew:
    .
    .
    "Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the Prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfil. For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled.
    .
    .
    "Whosoever therefore shall break one of these least commandments, and shall teach men so, he shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven; but whosoever shall do and teach them, the same shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven."
    .
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    "For I say unto you, That except your righteousness shall exceed the righteousness of the scribes and Pharisees, ye shall in no case enter into the kingdom of heaven."
    [The Bible, Mathew 5:17-20]
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    God Sent Jesus' (pbuh)
    The Bible mentions the prophetic nature of Jesus (pbuh) mission in the following verses:
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    (i)

    " and the word which ye hear is not mine, but the Fathers which sent me."
    [The Bible, John 14:24]
    .
    .
    (ii)
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    "And this is life eternal, that they might know thee the only true God, and Jesus Christ, whom thou has sent."
    [The Bible, John 17:3]
    .
    .*
    4.
    Jesus Refuted even the Remotest Suggestion of his Divinity
    .
    .
    Consider the following incident mentioned in the Bible:
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    .
    "And behold, one came and said unto him, ˜Good Master, what good thing shall I do, that I may have eternal life?
    .
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    And he said unto him, ˜Why callest thou me good? There is none good but one, that is, God: but if thou wilt enter into life, keep the commandments. "
    [The Bible, Mathew 19:16-17]


    Jesus (pbuh) did not say that to have the eternal life of paradise, man should believe in him as Almighty God or worship him as God, or believe that Jesus (pbuh) would die for his sins. On the contrary he said that the path to salvation was through keepingthe commandments. It is indeed striking to note the difference between the words of Jesus Christ (pbuh) and the Christian dogmaof salvation through the sacrifice of Jesus (pbuh).
    5.
    Jesus (pbuh) of Nazareth a Man Approved of God
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    The following statement from the Bible supports the Islamic belief that Jesus (pbuh) was a prophet of God.
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    .
    "Ye men of Israel, hear these words; Jesus of Nazareth, a man approved of God among you by miracles and wonders and signs, whichGod did by him in the midst of you, as ye yourselves also know."
    [The Bible, Acts 2:22]
    .
    6.
    The First Commandment is that God is One*
    .
    The Bible does not support the Christian belief in trinity at all. One of the scribes once asked Jesus (pbuh) as to which was the first commandment of all, to which Jesus (pbuh) merely repeated what Moses (pbuh) had said earlier:


    "Shama Israelu Adonai Ila Hayno Adonai Ikhad."
    .
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    This is a Hebrew quotation, which means:
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    "Hear, O Israel; The Lord our God is one Lord."
    [The Bible, Mark 12:29]
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    It is striking that the basic teachings of the Church such as Trinity and vicarious atonement find no mention in the Bible. In fact, various verses of the Bible point to Jesus (pbuh) actual mission, which was to fulfill the law revealed to Prophet Moses (pbuh). Indeed Jesus (pbuh) rejected any suggestions that attributed divinity to him, and explained his miracles as the power of the One True God.
    .
    .
    Jesus (pbuh) thus reiterated the message of monotheism that was given by all earlier prophets of Almighty God.
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    NOTE: All quotations of the Bible are taken from the King James Version.
    .
    III
    CONCEPT OF GOD IN OLD TESTAMENT:
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    1.
    God is One
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    The following verse from the book of Deuteronomy contains an exhortation from Moses (pbuh):
    .
    .
    "Shama Israelu Adonai Ila Hayno Adna Ikhad".
    It is a Hebrew quotation which means:
    "Hear, O Israel: The Lord our God is one Lord"
    [The Bible, Deuteronomy 6:4]
    .
    .
    2.
    Unity of God in the Book of Isaiah
    The following verses are from the Book of Isaiah:
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    (i)
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    "I, even I, am the Lord; and beside me there is no saviour."
    [The Bible, Isaiah 43:11]
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    (ii)
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    "I am Lord, and there is none else, there is no God besides me."
    [The Bible, Isaiah 45:5]
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    (iii)
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    "I am God, and there is none else; I am God, and there is none like me."
    [The Bible, Isaiah 46:9]
    .
    .
    3.
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    Old Testament condemns idol worship
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    (i)
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    Old Testament condemns idol worship in the following verses:
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    "Thou shalt have no other gods before me."
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    "Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth:"
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    "Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the Lord thy God am a jealous God."
    [The Bible, Exodus 20:3-5]
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    (ii)
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    A similar message is repeated in the book of Deuteronomy:
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    "Thou shalt have none other gods before me."
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    "Thou shalt not make thee any graven image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that in the earth beneath, or that is in the water beneath the earth."
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    "Thou shalt not bow down thyself unto them, nor serve them; for I the Lord thy God am a jealous God."
    [The Bible, Deuteronomy 5:7-9]
    "IF ANYTHING WRONGLY I HAVE SAID HERE MEANS I WILL ASK SORRY FOR THAT"

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    Please read fully and say some comments about this

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    srry dear later i will read full, but i read few pionts and i will try to post pic match to u r lines

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