What is Whiplash Injury?
Whiplash is an acute injury of at least moderate intensity which causes a strain to the bones, muscles, nerves, tendons, and vertebral discs of the neck region. It is caused by a sudden, unexpected impact which jerks the head back and then forward causing the neck to snap out of alignment.
Where Could It Happen?
Stopped at the traffic light
Sports (Rugby / Boxing / Karate / Judo…)
What Are The Symptoms?
Headaches / Migraines
Stiffness, neck pain
Problems thinking or remembering
Numbness & tingling (arms, face, shoulders)
Jaw pain, low back pain, hip pain
What is a Potential Outcome?
Note misalignment of vertebral discs after suffering from a whiplash injury…
What Happens to the Driver?
What happens during a rear end collision if:
Seat belt height
Are not adjusted correctly?
Body moves up (depending in angle of backrest and position of seat belt adjustor)
Head jerks back…
Pushing the head restraint down
What Are The Facts?
Even low speed accidents can cause significant injuries depending on where and how hard your car got hit, your position in the car, the position of your head, type of seat, position of the headrest, your pre-accident medical condition, and other things.
Only 12% of persons who suffer from whiplash are symptom-free after 10 years
Saab was the first to introduce an active protection system (SAHR); Volvo’s “Whiplash Protection Seating System” reduces acceleration forces on the neck by up to 50 %
A study by Young et al. (2005) showed that 93% of all head restraints observed were sub-optimally positioned
A L Young, B T Ragel, E Su, C N Mann, E H Frank: Assessing automobile head restraint positioning in Portland, Oregon; Injury Prevention 2005; 11: 97-101.
How Can It Be Prevented?
Ensure that the top of the head restraint is as high as the top of your head
Position the head restraint as close to the rear of your head as possible