Kerala : INDIA
Kerala is a state located in southwestern India. Neighbouring states include Karnataka to the north and Tamil Nadu to the south and east; to the west is the Arabian Sea. Major cities include the state capital Thiruvananthapuram, Kochi, and Kozhikode. The principal spoken language is Malayalam.
A 3rd-century-BC rock inscription by emperor Asoka the Great attests to a Keralaputra. Around 1 BC the region was ruled by the Chera Dynasty, which traded with the Greeks, Romans, and Arabs. Feudal Nair and Namboothiri Brahmin city-states subsequently gained control of the region. Early contact with Europeans gave way to struggles between colonial and native interests. On 1 November 1956 the States Reorganisation Act made Kerala a state.
The state is known for achievements such as a 91% literacy rate, among the highest in India. A survey conducted in 2005 by Transparency International ranked Kerala as the least corrupt state in the country.Kerala is uniquely dependent on remittances from a large Malayali expatriate community based mainly in Persian Gulf countries.