Honorable Principal, headmaster, headmistress, teachers and the Noble Future Generation
Science, a field, an oracle, the future as vast as the universe or a galaxy has got everything that human beings need. The leading sector in this field is the Biotechnology sector that keeps promises of fulfilling and satisfying the needs of the Humanity.
Speaking from the sight of future,
We are scientists. We are doctors. We are Nobel laureates. We are farmers and students.
We are investors and entrepreneurs and policy makers. We are patients and parents too. But, we gather here because rite now we are going to share a single vision -- a single ennobling purpose.
We believe that biotechnology will transform the world. We believe we can decipher the language of life and rewrite our destiny.
We can extend the lives of our loved ones, and in fact, of all humanity. We can improve the quality of our lives and the quality of our global civilization. Our achievements from the beginning have been stunning. But our challenges remain immense.
While reading newspapers you might have come across content, documenting disease, hunger and pollution. When we see/read these stories and other like them, the challenges can seem insurmountable. It is tempting to lose hope, and we can worry that there is nothing that we can do.
That may be the most depressing phrase in any language: “There's nothing we can do.”
Whether it's a doctor telling parents there is nothing we can do for your child but treat his/her pain … or a government telling its people, “There's nothing we can do, the hungry season will come every year” … or a generation telling its children that there is nothing we can do to stop global warming.
But, we on this ground are perpetual optimists. We refuse to accept that there is nothing we can do. We envision a world free of disease, free of hunger and free of pollution. And so every day the men and women of various biotech companies leave their homes in the morning and go to work to turn that vision into reality believing that there is everything we can do.
Now what is this term biotechnology that I have referred to? Let’s break the word into 2 parts. You have Bio And u have technology. Bio is the short for BIOLOGY so basically it is the technology based on biology, especially when used in agriculture, food science, and medicine.
Biotechnology is also often referred to the genetic engineering technology of the 21st century, however the term encompasses a wider range and history of procedures for modifying biological organisms according to the needs of humanity, going back to the initial modifications of native plants into improved food crops through artificial selection and hybridization. Technically, Bioengineering is the science upon which all biotechnological applications are based. With the development of new approaches and modern techniques, traditional biotechnology industries are also acquiring new horizons enabling them to improve the quality of their products and increase the productivity of their systems.
Before we proceed further, let me tell you a little bit about Bioengineering. Bioengineering is the application of engineering principles to address challenges in the fields of biology and medicine. It applies engineering principles to the full spectrum of living systems. This is achieved by utilizing existing methodologies in such fields as molecular biology, biochemistry, microbiology, pharmacology, cytology, immunology and neuroscience and applies them to the design of medical devices, diagnostic equipment, biocompatible materials, and more importantly in the field of genetics which makes use of the ever-growing Nanotechnology for critical research purposes and other high-tech applications.
Speaking about genetics, the field of genetic engineering remains a heated topic of discussion in today's society with the advent of gene therapy, stem cell research, cloning, and genetically-modified food. While it seems only natural nowadays to link pharmaceutical drugs as solutions to health and societal problems, this relationship of biotechnology serving social needs began centuries ago.
It dates back to 8000BC, hard to believe but evidence states that Mesopotamian people used selective breeding practices to improve livestock. Then coming back to mid 17th century, Anton Von Leeuwenhoek first discovered Microorganisms, then you have Gregor Mendel who discovered the Laws of Inheritance, then Louise Pasture discovered the bacterial origin of Fermentation and then in 1919 came the existence of the Word Biotechnology by a Hungarian Agricultural Engineer named Karl Ereky.
Again jumping back into history,
Biotechnology arose from the field of zymotechnology. I do understand that the word Zymotechnology and others like them sound a little bit crazy, a little bit weird and a little bit like “why am I supposed to know all this” But let me tell you one thing, knowing the history and origin of science is equally important because without it, this mic wouldn’t have existed. This Shed here wouldn’t have existed so that you might have been standing under the intense scorching rays of the sun right now or those cars and buses wouldn’t have existed which make your traveling from one place to another easier. You can see all these because of the hard and painstaking works of the past engineers and scientists who dedicated their entire life in inventing these things and making our life more comfortable and worth living. But do we thank them or at least remember them for their efforts, I don’t think so. Or do you feel thankful to them at least now that I have mentioned about them?
There is a saying: A very rare one: If you remember the past, the future will never forget you.
Coming back, Zymotechnology began as a search for a better understanding of industrial fermentation, particularly beer. Beer was an important industrial, and not just social, commodity. In late 19th century Germany, brewing contributed as much to the gross national product as steel, and taxes on alcohol proved to be significant sources of revenue to the government. In the 1860s, institutes and remunerative consultancies were dedicated to the technology of brewing. The most famous was the private Carlsberg Institute, founded in 1875, which employed Emil Christian Hansen, who pioneered the pure yeast process for the reliable production of consistent beer. The heyday and expansion of zymotechnology came in World War I in response to industrial needs to support the war. Max Delbruck grew yeast on an immense scale during the war to meet 60 percent of Germany's animal feed needs. Compounds of another fermentation product, lactic acid, made up for a lack of hydraulic fluid, glycerol. The industrial potential of fermentation was outgrowing its traditional home in brewing, and "zymotechnology" soon gave way to "biotechnology."
In the agricultural sector, genetically engineered crops are improving productivity to feed the hungry worldwide.
Today there are more biotech crops being grown by more farmers in more countries than ever before. And for small farmers in South Africa or India or the Philippines, a harvest of biotech cotton or corn brings more than just food or fiber. It brings them new prosperity and a chance at giving their families better lives.
The Stone Age didn't end because we ran out of stones, but because we found smarter ways to make tools. And the oil age won't end because we run out of oil, but because we must find smarter ways to produce energy. And that is exactly what we're doing.
There are now more than 30 next-generation commercial biorefineries online or under construction worldwide producing renewable fuels and other bio-products that will transform the global environment and the global economy.
The transformations are taking place at an exponentially incredible rate all around the world, to fulfill the promise of providing and satisfying the needs of the Humanity.
But this is what I thought. I thought how amazing it is that 4 billion years of evolution transformed single-cell organisms into us -- into human beings with these big brains and these manipulative fingers and these fine senses, that can reach inside our own bodies and take out our DNA and put it under a microscope. Unbelievable isn’t it? And from what we learn, we can prevent a person from dying due to some deadly disease. Or prevent a man who has been married for sixty years from waking up one morning and turning to his wife and asking “Who on earth are you?”
And that is exactly what those Biotech Companies are doing out there!
They use the language of life to fix its mistakes. They use the language of life to enable us to live on this planet sustainably. Some people ask them how can you play God with the language of life? They say “we're not trying to be God. We are only trying to be fully human.” Decoding the secrets of life scares some people, but it inspires us and it should inspire us.
Though we cannot see all that the future holds, our vision is clear. We can see that the knowledge you have pioneered -- and the passion you put behind it -- will allow us to never again have to speak the words, “There's nothing we can do.”
There’s everything we can do, nothing is impossible and together we can heal, and fuel and feed this planet we share. And together we will leave a better world for our children. And I guarantee you that.
So study hard and give thanks to those who made your lives easy, enjoyable and worth living, because that’s how you are going to build your future and I am sure that everyone wishes, a Bright future.