What is swine flu?
Swine Influenza (swine flu) is a respiratory disease of pigs caused by type
A influenza viruses that causes regular outbreaks in pigs. People do not
normally get swine flu, but human infections can and do happen. Swine flu
viruses have been reported to spread from person-to-person, but in the
past, this transmission was limited and not sustained beyond three people.
Is this swine flu virus contagious?
It has been determined that this swine influenza A (H1N1) virus is
contagious and is spreading from human to human. However, at this time, it
not known how easily the virus spreads between people.
What are the signs and symptoms of swine flu in people?
The symptoms of swine flu in people are similar to the symptoms of regular
human flu and include fever, cough, sore throat, body aches, headache,
chills and fatigue. Some people have reported diarrhea and vomiting
associated with swine flu. In the past, severe illness (pneumonia and
respiratory failure) and deaths have been reported with swine flu infection
in people. Like seasonal flu, swine flu may cause a worsening of underlying
chronic medical conditions.
How does swine flu spread?
Spread of this swine influenza A (H1N1) virus is thought to be happening in
the same way that seasonal flu spreads. Flu viruses are spread mainly from
person to person through coughing or sneezing of people with influenza.
Sometimes people may become infected by touching something with flu viruses
on it and then touching their mouth or nose.
How serious is swine flu infection?
Like seasonal flu, swine flu in humans can vary in severity from mild to
severe. Between 2005 until January 2009, 12 human cases of swine flu were
detected in the U.S. with no deaths occurring. However, swine flu infection
can be serious. In September 1988, a previously healthy 32-year-old
pregnant woman in Wisconsin was hospitalized for pneumonia after being
infected with swine flu and died 8 days later. A swine flu outbreak in Fort
Dix, New Jersey occurred in 1976 that caused more than 200 cases with
serious illness in several people and one death.
Can I get swine influenza from eating or preparing pork?
No. Swine influenza viruses are not spread by food.. You cannot get swine
influenza from eating pork or pork products. Eating properly handled and
cooked pork products is safe.
HOW DO I PROTECT MYSELF?
CDC Poster currently in use in Linden, USA
Cover Your Cough
Stop the Spread of Germs that Make You and Others Sick!
Serious respiratory illnesses like influenza, respiratory syncytial virus
(RSV), whooping cough, and severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) are
Coughing or sneezing
To help stop the spread of germs,
Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze.
If you don't have a tissue, cough or sneeze into your upper sleeve, not
Put your used tissue in the waste basket.
Clean your hands after coughing or sneezing
Wash with soap and water or
Clean with alcohol-based hand cleaner.
Keep Your Hands Clean
Keeping hands clean is one of the most important steps we can take to avoid
getting sick and spreading germs to others. It is best to wash your hands
with soap and clean running water for 20 seconds. However, if soap and
clean water are not available, use an alcohol-based product to clean your
hands. Alcohol-based hand rubs significantly reduce the number of germs on
skin and are fast acting.
When washing hands with soap and water:
1. Apply product to the palm of one hand
2 Rub the product over all surfaces of hands and fingers until hands
When should you wash your hands?
1. Before preparing or eating food
2 After going to the bathroom
3 After changing diapers or cleaning up a child who has gone to the
4 Before and after tending to someone who is sick
5 After blowing your nose, coughing, or sneezing
6 After handling an animal or animal waste
7 After handling garbage
8 Before and after treating a cut or wound
Your Personal Work Spaces
· Only assume your area is clean under the following conditions
1 If You are the only one using the workstation/space
2 If you Always clean your hands before touching your face
· Personal disinfectants
1 Hand sanitizer (wipes/solution) can be used instead of soap and water
2 Rub hands together for at least 10-15 seconds
1 Use surface wipes to clean surfaces that have been or will be shared
with a co-worker
Shared Work Space
· Assume the workstation/space is potentially contaminated-
Virus can survive for 24-48 hours
1 Clean the workstation/space before using it
2 Clean your hands before beginning work at the workstation/space
3 Always clean your hands before touching your face
· Skin Protection
1 Use gloves while cleaning the workstation
· Environmental Disinfectants
1 Surface wipes/disinfectant cleaner on work surfaces you and others
have used: phone, keyboard, mouse, etc.