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Thread: What Causes Global Warming? its effects...

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    Senior Member Array mrina's Avatar
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    What Causes Global Warming? its effects...

    What Causes Global Warming? its effects...

    Scientists have spent decades figuring out what is causing global warming. They've looked at the natural cycles and events that are known to influence climate. But the amount and pattern of warming that's been measured can't be explained by these factors alone. The only way to explain the pattern is to include the effect of greenhouse gases (GHGs) emitted by humans.


     


    To bring all this information together, the United Nations formed a group of scientists called the International Panel on Climate Change, or IPCC. The IPCC meets every few years to review the latest scientific findings and write a report summarizing all that is known about global warming. Each report represents a consensus, or agreement, among hundreds of leading scientists.

    One of the first things scientists learned is that there are several greenhouse gases responsible for warming, and humans emit them in a variety of ways. Most come from the combustion of fossil fuels in cars, factories and electricity production. The gas responsible for the most warming is carbon dioxide, also called CO2. Other contributors include methane released from landfills and agriculture (especially from the digestive systems of grazing animals), nitrous oxide from fertilizers, gases used for refrigeration and industrial processes, and the loss of forests that would otherwise store CO2.

    Different greenhouse gases have very different heat-trapping abilities. Some of them can even trap more heat than CO2. A molecule of methane produces more than 20 times the warming of a molecule of CO2. Nitrous oxide is 300 times more powerful than CO2. Other gases, such as chlorofluorocarbons (which have been banned in much of the world because they also degrade the ozone layer), have heat-trapping potential thousands of times greater than CO2. But because their concentrations are much lower than CO2, none of these gases adds as much warmth to the atmosphere as CO2 does.

    In order to understand the effects of all the gases together, scientists tend to talk about all greenhouse gases in terms of the equivalent amount of CO2. Since 1990, yearly emissions have gone up by about 6 billion metric tons of "carbon dioxide equivalent" worldwide, more than a 20% increase.



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    Senior Member Array mrina's Avatar
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    Effects of Global Warming


    Signs Are Everywhere


    The planet is warming, from North Pole to South Pole, and everywhere in between. Globally, the mercury is already up more than 1 degree Fahrenheit (0.8 degree Celsius), and even more in sensitive polar regions.


    And the effects of rising temperatures aren’t waiting for some far-flung future. They’re happening right now. Signs are appearing all over, and some of them are surprising. The heat is not only melting glaciers and sea ice, it’s also shifting precipitation patterns and setting animals on the move.

    Some impacts from increasing temperatures are already happening.

    * Ice is melting worldwide, especially at the Earth’s poles. This includes mountain glaciers, ice sheets covering West Antarctica and Greenland, and Arctic sea ice.
    * Researcher Bill Fraser has tracked the decline of the Adélie penguins on Antarctica, where their numbers have fallen from 32,000 breeding pairs to 11,000 in 30 years.
    * Sea level rise became faster over the last century.
    * Some butterflies, foxes, and alpine plants have moved farther north or to higher, cooler areas.
    * Precipitation (rain and snowfall) has increased across the globe, on average.
    * Spruce bark beetles have boomed in Alaska thanks to 20 years of warm summers. The insects have chewed up 4 million acres of spruce trees.

    Other effects could happen later this century, if warming continues.

    * Sea levels are expected to rise between 7 and 23 inches (18 and 59 centimeters) by the end of the century, and continued melting at the poles could add between 4 and 8 inches (10 to 20 centimeters).
    * Hurricanes and other storms are likely to become stronger.
    * Species that depend on one another may become out of sync. For example, plants could bloom earlier than their pollinating insects become active.
    * Floods and droughts will become more common. Rainfall in Ethiopia, where droughts are already common, could decline by 10 percent over the next 50 years.
    * Less fresh water will be available. If the Quelccaya ice cap in Peru continues to melt at its current rate, it will be gone by 2100, leaving thousands of people who rely on it for drinking water and electricity without a source of either.
    * Some diseases will spread, such as malaria carried by mosquitoes.
    * Ecosystems will change—some species will move farther north or become more successful; others won’t be able to move and could become extinct. Wildlife research scientist Martyn Obbard has found that since the mid-1980s, with less ice on which to live and fish for food, polar bears have gotten considerably skinnier. Polar bear biologist Ian Stirling has found a similar pattern in Hudson Bay. He fears that if sea ice disappears, the polar bears will as well.








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    very informative post but i m so sad...

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    Senior Member Array sunnyajmal's Avatar
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    awesome post...n may i know the reason for ur sadness?

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    yaar ye koi good news nahi hain... atleast merey liye to bad hi hain...

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    Senior Member Array sunnyajmal's Avatar
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    kiun yar kia hua hai?

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    sunny ager post read ki hoti to ye swal nahi poochtey.... yaar tm b na.... read it carefully... i m dead tired rite now.... i have been working on my assignment for last 5 long hours........

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    Senior Member Array sunnyajmal's Avatar
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    yea u r rite...actually i didn't read it...its too long to read yar...

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    yunhe tu dunya ka end hu ga.... jo at last hona he hai...

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    gg

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