Bhutan Celebrates 100 years of monarchy
Hundred years of Monarchy: A walk down the memory lane
The history of the Kingdom of Bhutan dates back as far as the 2nd century AD or even further. However, the recorded history is available only from the 7th century AD with the construction of Kyichu lhakhang in Paro and Jampel lhakhang in Bumthang. This was followed by the visit of the Indian saint Guru Rinpoche in the mid-8th century to Bumthang as well as by Lhasey Tsangma, the Tibetan Prince who was exiled from Tibet to Bhutan in the 9th century. He was instrumental in establishing many noble families especially in Eastern and Central Bhutan. The next prominent figure was the visit of Lam Phajo Drugom Zhigpo from Druk Ralung, Tibet in the 13th century considered the forerunner of Drukpa Kagyu school of Buddhism in Bhutan. A wave of many other Lamas from different schools of Buddhism also contributed to the socio-political and religious growth of Bhutan though their visits were marked by constant feuds and schisms.
The arrival of Zhabdrung Ngawang Namgyal in 1616 brought about a total transformation of the country. Bhutan was unified into one state and a system of governance introduced known as Choesi Nyeden which became a mechanism towards her evolution later as a nation-state. For the first time laws were codified, tax reforms initiated and Dzongs which served as seats of governance built in each region that came under the Drukpa rule.