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Thread: 40 Hadith on the Islamic Personality.......

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    40 Hadith on the Islamic Personality.......

    praise and thanks are due to Allh. We praise and give thanks to Him. We seek
    His aid and ask for His forgiveness, and we seek Allh's refuge from the evil of
    ourselves and from our evil actions. Whomsoever Allh guides then none can
    misguide him, and whomsoever He misguides then none can guide him. I bear
    witness that none has the right to be worshipped except Allh, alone, having no
    partner, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger to

    We ask Allh to protect and grant us safety. Hence this treatise
    was compiled as a firm and strong nucleus for the Muslim to initiate his Islmic
    life, to know the true way, follow it and call to it. Particularly since the
    Prophet (SAW) has indicated this reality with his saying:

    "For every action there is a period of enthusiasm / activity,
    and for every period of enthusiasm / activity there is a period of rest /
    inactivity. So he whose period of rest / inactivity is in accordance with my
    Sunnah then he is rightly guided, but he whose period of rest / inactivity
    accords with other than this, then he is destroyed."

    treatise is for the enthusiastic Muslim youth who does not find, whilst swimming
    in the ocean of enthusiasm and excitement, the helping hand of one who knows the
    poison and is aware of the cure, one who can guide him to the correct way and
    correct thinking so that these youths can be with their minds and thoughts like
    the Companions of the Prophet (SAW) since they were also youths,

    "They were youths, yet mature youths, their eyes fresh and
    free of evil; their feet refrained from approaching falsehood and futility. They
    sacrificed and expended themselves in worship and in withholding themselves from
    sleep. They sold their souls which were to pass away for souls which would never
    die. Allh saw them in the latter part of the night, bending their backs,
    reciting the Qur'n. Whenever one of them came to an Ayah mentioning Paradise,
    he would weep, longing for it. Whenever he came upon an Ayah mentioning the fire
    he would groan out of fear, as if the Hell-fire were directly in front of him.
    The earth devoured their knees their hands and their foreheads. They joined
    exhaustion in the night with exhaustion in the day. Their colour becoming
    yellowed and their bodies emaciated through standing long in prayer and frequent
    fasting whilst they regarded their own actions to be negligible before Allh.
    They fulfilled their covenant with Allh and attained Allh's promise."

    So let us all hasten to be like them, and to resemble them since
    the affair is as it was said:

    "We are not in comparison to those
    who came before except like small herbs growing beside the trunks of tall palm

    And as Ibn ul Mubarak said:

    "Do not mention
    us whilst mentioning them, the fit and healthy when he walks is not like the

    This offering attempts to gather those ahadith which
    are the most comprehensive, although Islmic Personality will not be completed
    until the person follows and implements the Religion (Dn) of Allh the One free
    of all imperfections, and the Most High as He(SWT) has ordered:

    "O you who believe! Enter into Islm perfectly (completely)."
    Soorah al-Baqarah (2):20

    Purity and Sincerity of

    From 'Umar ibn al-Khattb (RA) who said that Allh's
    Messenger (SAW) said:

    "Actions are but by intentions and there is for every person
    only that which he intended. So he whose migration was for Allh and His
    Messenger, then his migration was for Allh and His Messenger, and he whose
    migration was to attain some worldly goal or to take a woman in marriage, then
    his migration was for that which he migrated."

    pillar of actions is pure and sincere intention, and through purity of intention
    the hearts become upright and at rest, and through it the person comes to know
    the right way in his Religion, thus he does everything in the proper manner.
    Through purity of intention alone will he come to know of the obligations upon
    him and the rights due to him. Through it he will behave justly in all affairs
    and will give everything its due right, not going beyond bounds or falling short
    of the mark.

    This hadth is one of the ahadth which are the pillars of
    correct understanding of our upright and true religion.

    When the Muslim
    servant clearly realizes what he has preceded then it becomes obligatory upon
    him that he should, without any hesitation, surround his sincere intention with
    the protective barrier for the Islmic Personality which


    From Ibn 'Umar (RAmaa) who said
    that Allh's Messenger (SAW) said:

    "I have been sent before the Hour so that Allh alone should
    be worshipped without any partner for Him, and my provision has been placed
    beneath the shade of my spear, and subservience and humiliation have been placed
    upon those who disobey my orders, and whoever imitates a people then he is one
    of them."

    The Muslim has a distinct personality
    with its own special nature and particular outlook and manner. It is distinct in
    its appearance, its nature, its creed ('aqdah), its orientation and direction
    faced in Prayer, and in all its affairs.

    By being distinct as Muslims we
    preserve our Islm and our call in a clear and pure form, free from any
    adulteration and mistakes. However the Muslim whilst being distinct does not
    depart from:

    Justice and Being Justly Balanced

    Ab Hurayrah (RA) who said that Allh's Messenger (SAW) said:

    "Love the one whom you love to a certain degree
    (moderately), perhaps one day he will be someone for whom you have hatred, and
    hate the one for whom you have hatred to a certain degree (moderately), perhaps
    one day he will be one whom you love."
    (Reported by at-Tirmidhee)

    The Muslim is justly balanced in his loving and his hating. He is just
    both when giving and when taking and is moderate in all of that. His being
    justly balanced is one of the signs of his Religion and the Shar'ah. So he is
    not one who goes beyond the limits, nor one who falls short of what is required.
    Furthermore the Muslim does not derive this quality of being justly balanced
    from his intellect and desires, nor from his own opinion or other than this,
    rather does he take it from the Book of Allh, the One free of all

    "Thus we have made you a justly
    balanced nation, that you be witnesses over mankind and the Messenger (SAW) be a
    witness over you."
    (Soorah al-Baqarah (2): 143)

    Being justly
    balanced is not an easy matter, indeed many of those who call out and declare
    it, desire only to water matters down and compromise. So for a person to be
    truly justly balanced as ordered by Allh is not easy, rather it

    Cont on page 2.....

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    Striving Against One's Desires

    From al-'Al ibn Ziyd
    who said:

    "A man asked 'Abdullh ibn 'Amr ibn al-'Aas, saying: Which of
    the Believers is best in his Islm? He replied: "He
    from whose tongue and hand the Muslims are safe."
    He asked: Then
    what is the best Jihd? He replied: "He who strives
    against his own self and desires for Allh."
    He asked: Then which
    of those who migrates (performs hijrah) is best? He replied: "He who strives against his own self and desires for
    He asked: Is it something you have said O 'Abdullah ibn
    'Amr, or Allh's Messenger (SAW)? He said: Rather Allh's Messenger (SAW) said
    it."[Reported by Ibn Nasr al-Marwazee in Ta'zeem Qadris Salaat (no.

    So striving against ones own self is one of the highest and most
    valuable means of increasing ones Imaan and causing the servant to draw closer
    to his Lord, the One free of all imperfections. Concerning this He the Blessed
    and Most High says:

    "As for those who strive hard in
    Us (Our Cause), We will surely guide them to Our Paths (i.e. Allh's
    [Soorah al-Baqarah (2): 143]

    a Muslim's
    striving against his own self and his desires causes his spirit to rise higher,
    his Imn to increase and his soul to become purified. Furthermore this striving
    crowns the Muslim with a very great crown worn in his life, which


    From Ab Hurayrah (RA) who said that
    Allh's Messenger (SAW) said:

    "Indeed Allh
    is gentle and loves gentleness, and gives due to gentleness that which He does
    not give to harshness."
    [Reported by Ibn Majah (no. 368 and Ibn Hibaan
    (no. 549)]

    Through gentleness hearts become united in friendship
    and love, and good becomes widespread. Whereas through its opposite ill feelings
    and distrust prevails and people forsake one another. But gentleness

    Returning to the Truth

    From Ibn 'Abbs
    (RAmaa) who said that Allh's Messenger (SAW) said:

    "There is no believing servant except that he has a sin which
    he commits from time to time, or a sin in which he persists in and does not
    abandon until he leaves this world. Indeed the Believer was created as one who
    is frequently tried and tested, who often repents (then) forgets. When he is
    admonished he accepts the admonition."
    [Reported by at-Tabaraanee in al-Mu'jamul

    So it is as is said: Returning to the truth is a virtue
    whereas continuing in falsehood is despicable. Returning to the truth elevates a
    person and raises his rank, both with Allh and the people. Indeed it is only
    Satan who makes it appear to the people that returning to the truth is a defect
    and a slight to one's honour. This is one of the deceptions and tricks employed
    by Iblees. A person returning to the truth and not being too proud to accept it
    places him in an ideal position to


    From 'Umar (RA) who said
    that Allh's Messenger (SAW) said:

    "Each of
    you is a guardian and is responsible for those whom he is in charge of. So the
    ruler is a guardian and is responsible for his subjects; a man is the guardian
    of his family and is responsible for those under his care; a woman is a guardian
    of her husband's home and is responsible for those under her care; a servant is
    the guardian of his master's wealth and is responsible for that which he is
    entrusted with; and a man is the guardian of his father's wealth and is
    responsible fore what is under his care. So each one of you is a guardian and is
    responsible for what he is entrusted with."
    [Reported by al-Bukharee and

    If everyone from this Ummah knew his own position and
    worth, and realized the responsibility upon him and did not seek to overstep it
    and take on the responsibilities of others and he carried out the obligations
    which this placed upon him, then that would be a comprehensive and universal
    good and a very great treasure through which safety and security would become
    widespread. Along with this something that is a feature of the Islmic
    Personality is:

    The Muslim Seeks to Make Excuses for Other

    From Sa'd ibn 'Ubaadah (RA) who said that Allh's
    Messenger (SAW) said:

    "…and there is no one who
    loves to accept an excuse more than Allh, and because of this he sent the
    bringers of good news and the warners…."
    [Reported by al-Bukharee and Muslim]

    So a Muslim
    seeking to make an excuse for his brother and those whom he loves will cause
    good will to spread instead of antagonism, and will bring about ties of
    relationship instead of estrangement. Since if Allh, He who is free of all
    imperfections, grants excuse, and He is the Creator and the Most Great, then how
    can you O servant of Allh, a weak creation of his, not seek to make excuse for
    others? Rather as is said: Seek an excuse for your brother. Likewise there is
    the saying: the believers seek to make excuses for others, whereas the
    hypocrites hope for the downfall of others. So the fact that the Muslim seeks to
    excuse his brothers emphasizes that:

    The Muslim does not Harbour

    From Ibn Mas'ood (Ramaa) who said that Allh's Messenger
    (SAW) said:

    "There is to be no envy except with
    regard to two: A man whom Allh has given wealth which he strives to spend
    righteously, and a man to whom Allh has given the Wisdom (i.e. the Qur'aan) and
    he acts according to it and teaches it to others."
    [Reported by al-Bukharee]

    If he were to have envy
    of the people he would hope for their downfall in order to satisfy the pride
    that he has in himself, his vanity and the conceitedness of his mind. So he (the
    Muslim) knows that envy is a dangerous disease and a harmful evil and therefore
    keeps away from it.

    As for the envy which is accepted from that which is
    sinful, then it is envy which does not cause the person to be afflicted by the
    sickness of wishing for that blessing to leave the other person. Rather he
    supplicates to his Lord, the One free of all imperfections, for his brother;
    that Allh should protect him, and for himself; that Allh should make him like
    him. As for that which is at variance with this, then it is blameworthy and to
    be condemned. So this emphasises that fact that the Muslim is one who

    Following and Applying Divine Guidance

    From Umm
    ud-Dard (radiyAllhu 'anhaa) who said: I said to Ab Dard (RA): Will you not
    seek for things to entertain your guests just as others seek for things for
    their guests? So he replied: I heard Allh's Messenger (SAW) say:

    "Ahead of you is a steep mountain which will not be
    surmounted by those who are overburdened."
    So I wish to
    lighten my load for that ascent!
    [It is reported by al-Haakim, al-Baihaqee
    in Shu'abul Eemaan and others]

    So the Muslim follows and applies divine
    guidance in all his affairs. This world to him is merely a passage to the
    hereafter and he has no attachment to it except for that which is essential in
    order to meet his needs and preserve himself.

    But as for this world
    diverting most of his attention and being the goal which he seeks after,
    thinking that what he is doing is good, then this is not from the character or
    characteristics of the Muslim. So how strange is the case of the people who
    waste the prime of their lives and expend their youth submerged in worldly
    actions, thinking they are doing well. This is indeed something from Satan, made
    alluring by him. So how are there people able to do this when it is the case

    The Muslim Has No Free Time

    From Ibn 'Abbaas
    (RAmaa) who said that Allh's Messenger (SAW) said:

    "There are two blessings which many people lose: health and free
    (Reported by

    So how can one who has no free time preoccupy himself
    with this world? How can one whose time is filled experience free time? So
    consider, may Allh have Mercy upon you, what one of the scholars said about one
    of the Imaams: 'I was a neighbour of his at the school in Cairo, my house was
    above his house. For twelve years, I did not awake on any night, at any hour of
    the night except that I noticed candle light in his house and he was occupied
    with knowledge. Even when he was eating, his books would be with him and he was
    occupied with them. From those things upon which the Muslim personality is built

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    The Muslim's Piety and Self Restraint

    From an-Nu'maan
    ibn Basheer (RA) who said that I heard Allh's Messenger (SAW) say:

    "That which is lawful is clear, and that which is
    forbidden is clear, and between them are doubtful matters about which many of
    the people have no knowledge. So whoever avoids doubtful matters saves his
    Religion and his honour, and whoever falls into doubtful matters falls into what
    is forbidden. Just like a shepherd who grazes (his sheep) near to a private
    pasture (of another), he will soon stray on to it. Indeed for every king there
    is a private preserve. Indeed the preserve of Allh are those things which He
    has forbidden. Indeed there is a piece of flesh in the body which if it is good,
    then the whole body is good, but if it is corrupt then the whole body is
    corrupt. Indeed it is the heart."
    (Reported by al-Bukharee and

    So the Muslim with regard to whatever situation arises in
    his life will have to face each of them with one of the following three stances:

    1. Completely refraining from it: That is with regards to that which is
    2. Accepting without constraint: That is with regard to which is clearly
    3. To abstain from it: This is with regards to things which are not clearly
      permissible nor clearly forbidden.

    If the last stance indicates
    something it is an indication of a Muslim's piety and fear of falling into that
    which is forbidden and of entering into something evil.

    The Muslim
    therefore abstains from it, and distances himself from it in order to please
    Allh and to ensure that His commands are followed. It is not to be said, as
    some people say: 'That is not forbidden, so do it.' No, since it is not
    permissible to do everything other than which has been forbidden. So those
    things which are doubtful matters are closer to that which is forbidden, as
    occurs in the hadth itself: 'Whoever falls into the doubtful matters falls into
    what is forbidden….' So this fear and piety confirms that:

    Muslim is Honest and Truthful in All his Affairs

    From Ab
    Hurayrah (RA) who said that Allh's Messenger (SAW) said:

    "Three things are the sign of the hypocrite: when he
    speaks he tells lies, when he promises he breaks it and when he is trusted he
    proves to be dishonest."
    (Reported by al-Bukharee and Muslim)

    So he is truthful and honest in his speech, faithful to his
    promise, trustworthy in carrying out that which he has been entrusted with. He
    does not deceive or defraud, he does not tell lies and is not guilty of
    hypocrisy. So truthfulness and honesty is one of the chief good qualities,
    whereas falsehood is the head of corruption and evil. So his honesty keeps him
    far away from evil and foul deeds and sickness of the heart. Therefore whatever
    action he does, he does it for Allh, the One free and far removed from all
    defects, not to attain some worldly position, fame or repute. So his motto

    Knowledge for Knowledge

    From Jaabir (RA) who
    said that Allh's Messenger (salAllhu 'aliahi wa'sallam) said:

    "Do not acquire knowledge in order to compete with the
    scholars, nor to argue with the ignorant, nor to gain mastery over the
    gatherings. Since whoever does that, then: The Fire! The Fire!"

    (Reported by Abu Dawood)

    Consider, May Allh have mercy on
    you, the admonition and the lesson contained in what Ibn Abee Haatim ar-Raazee
    narrates, he said: I entered into Damascus upon the students of hadth and I
    passed by the circle of Qaasim al-Joo'ee. I found a group sitting around him and
    he was speaking. Their appearance amazed me and I heard him saying:

    “Seize the benefit of five things from the people of your time:
    when you are present you are not known; when you are absent you are not missed;
    when you are seen your advice is not sought; when you say something your saying
    is not accepted; and when you have some knowledge you are not given anything for
    it. I also advise you with five things: when you are treated unjustly then do
    not behave unjustly; when you are praised then do not become happy; when you are
    criticised do not be upset; when you are not believed then do not become angry;
    and if they act deceitfully towards you do not act deceitfully towards

    Ibn Abee Haatim said: So I took that as my benefit from

    So consider, May Allh protect us and you from the evils of the
    soul, how sincere desire for knowledge and benefit led him to listen to one who
    certainly possessed less knowledge than himself in order to benefit his
    understanding and to acquire some knowledge. Another matter that must be
    mentioned here is that:

    The Believer is a Mirror for His

    From Ab Hurayrah (RA) who said that Allh's Messenger
    (SAW) said:

    "The believer is a mirror for the
    believer, and the believer is the brother of the believer. He safeguards his
    property for him and defends him from behind."
    (Reported by al-Bukharee
    in al-Adabul Mufrad, Aboo Dawood and others.)

    The description of
    his being a 'mirror' is very precise and profound showing the culmination of
    brotherhood and solidarity. So your brother, O servant of Allh, is an image of
    you yourself. So if he behaves badly it is as if you are the one who has behaved
    badly, and if he makes a mistake, it is as if you have made a mistake. So he is
    a mirror for you and then an image of you yourself! So do not treat him except
    with mildness and gentleness. If you do not behave with your brother in this
    manner, then this will be something which weakens:

    The Muslim's
    Struggle and his Devil

    From Iyaad ibn Himaar al Mujaashi'ee
    (radiyAllhu ;anhu) who said that Allh's Messenger (SAW) said:

    "Indeed my Lord ordered me to teach you that which you do not
    know, from that which He taught me this day, (instructing me): 'The wealth which
    I confer upon a servant is all lawful for him, and I created all My servants
    having natural inclination to the true way but the devils came to them and
    turned them away from their (true) Religion, and they forbade for them that
    which I made lawful for them, and they ordered them to associate in worship with
    Me that for which I sent down no authority.' Allh looked upon the people of the
    earth and hated them, the Arabs and the non-Arabs, except for some remnants of
    the People of the Book, and He said: 'I sent you only to put you to the test and
    to tests others through you, and I sent down to you a Book which cannot be
    washed away by water, which you will retain and recite whilst asleep and whilst
    awake.' Allh ordered me to destroy the Quraysh so I said: 'O my Lord they would
    break my head just as bread is broken.' So He said: 'Turn them out just as they
    turned you out, and fight them and We shall aid you, and spend and We shall
    provide for you. Send an army and We will send five more like it. Fight along
    with those who disobey you. The people of paradise are three: The ruler who is
    just, who spends in charity and is guided to do good; and a man who is merciful
    and kind hearted towards every relative and Muslim; and the chaste one who does
    not beg despite having a family to support. The people of the fire are five: The
    weak who does not have the will to avoid evil, those amongst you who are merely
    followers (of others), they do not seek after family or wealth; and the
    dishonest whose greed cannot be concealed even in the case of minor things; and
    a man who will betray you morning and evening with regard to your family and
    your wealth (He also mentioned miserliness or telling lies) and the person of
    evil manners and foul speech.' "
    by Muslim)

    So this is very ancient conflict, continuing since the
    time when Allh, the One free and far removed from all defects, created Aadam,
    'alaihis-salaam, and what occurred between him and Satan is well known. This
    conflict will be intensified or diminished depending on the servant's closeness
    to or distance away from his Lord. Consider also His (SAW) saying: Satan has
    despaired that those who pray should worship him, but he seeks to provoke
    animosity between them.

    Let this be a warning for us, and its opposite
    be glad tidings. We must not leave any way for Satan to enter upon our hearts
    through our actions, granting him neither full nor partial access. Indeed his
    deceptions are many and his traps abundant.

    Beware of this, O servant of
    Allh, and do not let Satan trap you with his snares and his tricks, and your
    impregnable fortress against him is:

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    Remembrance of Allh

    From Nu'maan ibn Basheer (RA) who said
    that Allh's Messenger said:

    (ad-Du'aa) is worship, your Lord the Mighty and Majestic said:
    'Call upon Me – I will respond to your invocation.'
    [Soorah Ghaafir (40):60]" (Saheeh – reported by Ahmad and

    Supplication is the head of remembrance of Allh. Indeed
    he (SAW) said: …and I order you to make mention to Allh much, and the like of
    that is a man being chased by the enemy who are hastening after him until he
    comes to a protected fortress and so he protects himself in it. Likewise is the
    servant, for he does not protect himself from Satan except through remembrance
    of Allh, the Mighty and Majestic.

    So a Muslim remembering his Lord, the
    One free and far removed from all defects, places him in a position of safety
    and protection which Satan is unable to overcome. So this prevents him from many
    sins and numerous negative traits pertaining to the tongue, the limbs and the
    heart. Therefore:

    The Muslim Does Not Fall Into

    From Ibn 'Umar (RAmaa) who said that Allh's Messenger
    (SAW) said:

    "Whoever intercedes and prevents
    one of the punishments prescribed by Allh, the Mighty and Majestic, then he has
    opposed Allh regarding His orders. Whoever dies with a debt due on him then it
    will not be repaid by deenaars and dirhams but rather by good and bad deeds.
    Whoever disputes for something which he knows is false then he remains in
    Allh's anger until he desists. Whoever accuses a believer of something that is
    untrue then Allh will make him dwell in the pus flowing from the inhabitants of
    the Fire and he will not leaver until he retracts from what he said."

    (Reported by Ahmad and others)

    The lethal plague of backbiting destroys one's good deeds, destroys
    brotherhood and destroys one's reward. So the true Muslim does not backbite, nor
    does he allow backbiting to take place in his presence. So let those people fear
    Allh, those whose bodies do not develop and those whose spirit is not fed
    except upon spreading rumours and inventing lies against the servants of Allh
    claiming that 'this is for the benefit of da'wah!'

    How strange! What
    benefit to the da'wah will be achieved through slandering, backbiting and
    mentioning bad manners to others? Do you think, O you who backbites the people,
    that you are far removed form defect? O you who can only see the deficiencies of
    others, do you think that you are free from any mistakes? '…rather you are full
    of deficiencies and the people have tongues!' Also from those things which must
    be known is that:

    The Muslim Does Not Pry into the Matters that do
    not Concern Him

    From Ab Hurayrah (RA) who said that Allh's
    Messenger said:

    "From the perfection of a
    person's Islm is that he leaves alone that which does not concern him."

    (Reported by at-Tirmidhee and

    So he halts at his limits and does not exceed and pass
    beyond them. He knows that prying into that which does not concern him and
    asking about it is not fitting for him. Rather it is forbidden for him and
    something he has to avoid. So he complies with Allh's orders and keeps away
    from what he has forbidden, since:

    All of His Actions are for

    From Ab Hurayrah (RA) who said that Allh's Messenger

    "Whoever loves for Allh and hates for
    Allh, gives for Allh and withholds for Allh, then he has completed eemaan."
    (Reported by Ahmad, Tabarni, Aboo Dawood
    and others)

    This hadth clearly shows the manner in which the
    believer conducts all his affairs and behaves in all his dealings, all of them
    are for Allh and he does not give a share in any of them to other than Him, the
    One free and far removed from all imperfections. In all his affairs he distances
    himself from seeking after personal gain and enjoyment. In his loving and
    hating, giving and withholding he seeks only Allh's pleasure and His Paradise.
    He does not seek after the worldly positions, wealth or reputation! Then if he
    falls into the like of this he repents and turns back (to his Lord),

    The Muslim Repents and Turns Back to Allh

    Ab Sa'd al-Khudr (RA) who said that Allh's Messenger said:

    "The example of the believer with regards to eemaan is
    like the example of a horse with regards to its tethering stake; it roams around
    and then returns to its tethering stake, and the believer is negligent and then
    he turns to his eemaan. So feed the pious with your food and treat the believers
    (Reported by Ahmad)

    So he does not persist upon sin, or treat it lightly. Rather like the
    rest of the children of Aadam he commits many sins. However he is frequent in
    turning back in repentance to his Lord.

    What has preceded will clearly
    show us:

    The Essential Characteristics of His

    From Ab Hurayrah (RA) who said that Allh's
    Messenger said:

    "Two characteristics are not
    found together in a hypocrite: good manners and understanding of the
    (Reported by At-Tirmidhee)

    So his manners are
    the manners of the righteous people, and his behaviour that of the servants of
    the Lord of the worlds. He emulates the pious and follows in the footsteps of
    the sincere. His heart and his behaviour agree, he is not like the weak who take
    pains to put on a good appearance whereas their hearts are empty! His knowledge
    and understanding of the Religion is deep and springs from a good and sensitive
    heart, and precise memory. However his good manners and knowledge and
    understanding of the Religion do not prevent him from:


    From Ab Hurayrah (RA) who said: We said: O Messenger of
    Allh! You jest with us? He said (SAW):

    except that I do not say except what is true."
    (Reported by at-Tirmidhee
    in as-Sunan)

    So falsehood has no share of this, and lies cannot
    approach it. So his jesting is with words that are true. Nor does this mean that
    he is to expend all his time in lightheartedness and jesting. Rather in this and
    in all matters he follows the footsteps of the Companions, May Allh be pleased
    with them all, and their way in this regard was:

    A Time for This
    and a Time for That

    From Hanzalah al-Usayyidee who said:

    "Abu Bakr met me and asked: How are you O Hanzalah? I
    Replied: Hanzalah is guilty of hypocrisy! He said: Free is Allh and far removed
    from all defects! What are you saying? I said: When we are with Allh's
    Messenger (SAW) and he reminds us of the Fire and Paradise it is as if we were
    seeing it with our own eyes. Then when we depart from Allh's Messenger (SAW)
    and attend our wives, our children and our business, then much of this slips
    from our mind. Abu Bakr said: By Allh we also experience the same. So I went
    with Abu Bakr until we entered upon Allh's Messenger (SAW). I said: Hanzalah is
    guilty of hypocrisy O Messenger of Allh (SAW). So Allh's Messenger (SAW) said:
    And how is that? I said When we are with you, you remind us of the Fire and of
    Paradise and it is as if we are seeing it with our own eyes. Then when we depart
    from you and attend our wives, our children and our business then much of this
    slips from our minds. So Allh's Messenger (SAW) said:
    By Him in whose hand is my soul if you remained continually
    as you are when you are with me and in remembering (Allh) then the angels would
    shake hands with you upon your beds and upon your roads. But O Hanzalah, (there
    is) a time for this and a time for that, (there is) a time for this and a time
    for that, (there is) a time for this and a time for that.
    (Reported by Muslim)

    Both of these times are
    regulated by the orders of Allh, as has proceeded. His time for serious matters
    is regulated according to the Book and the Sunnah, and his jesting is kept free
    of anything forbidden and accompanied only by that which Allh has

    So he does not, through negligence, allow his jesting to
    become a way in which he falls into sin. Indeed how could he do this

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    He Does Not Take Sins Lightly

    From Sahl ibn Sa'd (RA)
    who said that Allh's Messenger (SAW) said:

    "Beware of sins which are treated as being minor, just like a
    people who encamp in the centre of a valley, so someone brings a stick of
    firewood and someone else brings a stick until they are therefore able to bake
    their bread. Likewise sins which are treated as being minor and for which the
    person is taken to account will destroy him."
    (Reported by Ahmad and others)

    It is just as the
    noble companion 'Abdullah ibn Mas'ood said: The believer sees his sins as if he
    were sitting beneath a mountain which he feared was about to fall upon him,
    whereas the wicked sees his sins like a man who finds a fly settle upon his
    nose, so he does this (one of the narrators said: He brushes it away from his
    nose). (Reported by al-Bukharee)

    The Muslim should realize the greatness
    of hid Lord, the One free and far from all imperfections, and His tremendous
    Power and Might, and he should not think of the sin as being great or small!
    Rather he should think of it with regard to the One he is

    Those sins which are ignored by the weak hearted cause their
    destruction by removing Iemaan and fear of Allh from their hearts.
    When a
    person regards sins and acts of disobedience as something slight the he is one
    who is oppressing his own soul, and that should never occur,

    The Muslim Does not Commit Oppression

    Jaabir ibn 'Abdullah (RA) who said that Allh's Messenger (SAW)

    "Beware of committing oppression for on
    the Day of Resurrection oppression will be darkness, and beware of avarice for
    avarice destroyed those who came before you, it led them into shedding blood and
    into making lawful that which was forbidden for them."
    (Reported by

    Oppression is of two types: (i) A person oppressing his
    own soul and (ii) his oppressing others. Both of these have been forbidden by
    Allh, the One free and far from all imperfections. So a person oppressing his
    own soul causes him to feel at home with his sins and to commit them, and causes
    him to abandon acts of obedience to Allh.

    The true Muslim is far removed
    from all of this and furthermore:

    He is not a carrier of Malicious

    From Anas ibn Maalik (RA) who said that Allh's Messenger
    (SAW) said: Do you know what calumny (al-'Adh) is? They said: Allh and his
    Messenger (SAW) know best. He said:

    "Conveying the words of some people to others in order to
    create mischief between them."
    (Reported by al-Bukharee, al-Baihaqee and

    Tale-carrying is a foul disease; when it enters the heart
    it corrupts it, and when the heart is corrupt the rest of the body becomes
    corrupt and ones actions are destroyed.

    The sickness of tale-carrying
    only finds a place in hearts which are filled with love of this world, the
    hearts of those who use the Religion for lowly and despicable ends, and we seek
    Allh's refuge from that! However, as for the sincere Muslim who strives to
    follow and apply the guidance sent by his Lord, then:

    He is not
    Attached to This World

    From Sahl ibn Aa'd (RA) who said that
    Allh's Messenger (SAW) said:

    "Jibreel came
    to me and said: O Muhammad! Live as you will for you must certainly die; love
    whom you will since you must certainly leave him; act as you will since you
    shall certainly be given due reward for it; know that the believers eminence is
    his standing in prayer during the night, and his honour is having sufficiency
    without dependency upon the people."
    (Reported by al-Haakim and others.)

    The person who
    lives attached to this world is poor with regard to his Religion and intellect,
    he does not realize that this worlds, for the one having no Religion is the road
    to degradation, the path to corruption and the key to evil and foul deeds.
    Whereas the Muslim who is sincere to his Lord and his own soul and with his
    brothers should be an excellent example to those who thirst after this world and
    the few dirhams and deenaars.

    He should be a lesson for them that there
    is no good in that, and that good lies only in taking this world as a means of
    increasing one's rank with regard to the Religion and seeking to purify one's
    heart. However these two will not be achieved except

    Disassociation from this World

    From Aboo
    Umaamah Iyaas ibn Tha'labah who said:

    The Companions of Allh's Messenger
    (SAW) mentioned this world one day in his presence, so Allh's Messenger (SAW)
    said: "Will you not listen, will
    you not listen! Wearing old clothes is part if eemaan, wearing old clothes is
    part of eemaan!"
    (Reported by Aboo

    Zuhd (abstemiousness) is to have little regard for this
    world, to manifest ones poverty and need before Allh, to treat the servants of
    Allh kindly and gently, to avoid spending lavishly upon clothing, food and
    drink, and to avoid fame.

    Zuhd is not the rejection of the favours of
    Allh, the One free and far removed from all defects, bestows upon some of His
    servants, rather it is as Shaykhul-Islm Ibn Taymiyyah, rahimahullaah, said:
    Keep away from that which does not bring benefit, either because it contains no
    benefit at all, or because something other than it is more beneficial, so that
    by doing the first he would be missing greater benefit, or because it will
    produce something whose harm will grow to outweigh its benefit. But as regards
    things which are purely beneficial or predominantly, then avoidance of them is
    stupidity. Therefore there is to be no abstemiousness with regard

    Good Actions

    From Ab Hurayrah (RA) who said
    that Allh's Messenger (SAW) said:

    (sadaqah) is due upon every joint of a person on every day that the sun rises.
    Administering justice between two people is an act of charity; and to help a man
    concerning his riding beast by helping him on to it or lifting his luggage on to
    it is an act of charity; a good word is charity; and every step which you take
    to prayer is charity; and removing that which is harmful from the road is
    (Reported by al-Bukharee)

    So if the servant is able to spend all his days and nights in obedience
    to Allh, and in doing actions pleasing to Him, then let him do so!

    though abstemiousness is to be given special attention by the rich due to their
    ability to spend and their wealth, as opposed to the poor, then this will not
    prevent the Muslim, rich or poor, from having a contented and rich soul,

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    The Muslim is Contented and Satisfied

    From Ab Hurayrah
    (RA) who said that Allh's Messenger (SAW) said:

    "Richness is not having many belongings, but richness is the
    richness of the soul (contentment)."

    (Reported by Muslim)

    So the greatest of riches you can attain, O
    servant of Allh, is contentment of ones soul, and having a contented heart and
    this will not be achieved except through humbling oneself before Allh, the One
    free from and far removed from all defects, and calling upon Him in supplication
    and in placing reliance upon Him. He whose soul is contented and rich will
    increase in his:

    Devotion to the Religion of

    From Ka'b ibn Maalik al-Ansaaree (RA) who said that Allh's
    Messenger (SAW) said:

    "Two hungry wolves let
    loose amongst sheep will not cause more harm to them than a persons craving
    after wealth and status will do to his Religion."
    (Reported by Ahmad and

    Flee, May Allh has mercy upon you, from this mad craving
    after this world and its finery, and there is no salvation from that which has
    been destined for a person.

    He who wishes for salvation then let it be
    the case that his desire for his Religion is his foundation and guiding
    principle, if this is so then Allh will protect him and protect his religion.
    Then from the comprehensive matters that should be known is:

    the Muslim Deals With People

    From Aa'ishah (radiyAllhu 'anhaa)
    who said that a man sought permission to enter upon the Prophet (SAW), so he

    "Give permission to him and what a bad
    son of his people (or: what a bad man of his people). Then when he entered he
    spoke politely to him. Aa'ishah said: So I said: O Messenger of Allh, you said
    about him what you said and then you spoke politely to him? He said: O Aa'ishah
    the worst people in station before Allh on the Day of Resurrection are those
    whom the people desert, or abandon, in order to save themselves from their evil
    (Reported by al-Bukharee)

    It will also not be
    hidden that one of the best ways of cementing ties and improving relations

    Visiting Brothers

    From Ab Hurayrah (RA) who
    said that Allh's Messenger (SAW) said:

    man went out to visit a brother of his in a different village, so Allh, the
    Most High, put an angel in wait for him in the road. So when the angel came to
    him he said: Where are you going? He said: I am going to visit a brother in this
    village. He said: Is it that you have done something for him for which you seek
    repayment? He said: No, it is just that I love him for Allh's sake. He said:
    Then I am one sent by Allh to you (to inform you) that Allh, the Mighty and
    Majestic, loves you, just as you have loved for His sake."
    (Reported by Muslim)

    (Paradise) cannot be attained
    unless the incentive for it is:

    The Muslim's

    From Abu Darda (RA) who said that Allh's Messenger
    (SAW) said:

    "There is nothing which is
    heavier upon the balance than the good character."
    (Reported by Ahmad)

    So by his character the
    Muslim turns enemies into friends, opponents into companions, and harsh people
    into those who are mild. Character is a commodity which is almost something rare
    amongst the people today, except amongst those who sincerely worship Allh
    alone, Who are honest and true in the worship of the Lord of the Worlds. So good
    character refines the soul and enables that:

    The Muslim Knows His
    Own Worth

    From Ab Hurayrah (RA) who said that Allh's Messenger
    (SAW) said:

    "There will come upon the people
    years of deceit in which the liar will be believed, the truthful disbelieved,
    the treacherous will be trusted and the trustworthy held to be treacherous, and
    the despicable (ar-Ruwaybidah) will speak out. It was said: Who are the
    despicable ones (ar-Ruwaybidah)? He said: The lowly, ignoble man who speaks out
    about the public affairs."
    (Reported by Ahmad, Ibn Majah and

    So it is binding upon the obedient servant that he

    He Hopes for good for Himself and His

    From Jundub (RA) who said that the Messenger of Allh
    (SAW) narrated:

    "That a man said: By Allh,
    Allh will not forgive so and so. Whereas Allh, the Most High said: Who is it
    who swears by Me that I will not forgive so and so, for I have forgiven so and
    so, and have rendered your actions futile."
    (Reported by

    The fear and hope that a Muslim has for his brothers does
    not prevent him from carrying out what Allh has established with regard

    Ordering Good and Forbidding Evil

    From Aboo
    Sa'eed al-Khudree (RA) who said:

    Messenger (SAW) stood amongst us to deliver an address, and from his address was
    that he said: Indeed it is about to occur that I will be called and will
    respond. Then after me will follow rulers over you who say what they have
    knowledge of, and act upon what they know. Obedience to them is obedience to me,
    and you remain like that for a time. Then there will follow rulers over you
    after them who say what they do not have knowledge of and act according to what
    they do not have knowledge of. So whoever is sincere to them and assists them,
    or strengthens them then they are destroyed and have caused destruction.
    Accompany them with your bodies and differ with them by your actions, and bear
    witness for the doer of good from them that he is a doer of good, and for the
    doer of evil that he is a doer of evil."
    (Reported by al-Baihaqee in az-Zuhdul Kabeer)

    ordering good and forbidding evil, the Muslim is careful of:

    Cautious to Avoid Animosity and Dissention

    From Jaabir ibn
    'Abdullah (RA) who said that Allh's Messenger said:

    "Indeed Satan has despaired that those who pray should
    worship (him) in the Arabian peninsular, however (he seeks) to provoke animosity
    between them."

    Perhaps a word which one does not realize
    allows escaping from his tongue and it falls upon one of the servants of Allh,
    or a mistake he makes, perhaps this will cause a great fire to blaze in the
    hearts of the brothers.

    This is the most Satan desires and it causes him
    to be joyful and happy. So what we have indicated certainly occurs and is bound
    to occur and it leads to widespread evil and great danger, so since this is the
    case, then what is:

    The Means To Escape the Trial which Befalls the

    From Abdullah ibn Mas'ood (RA) who said:

    "How will you be when you are covered by a trial in
    which the young grow up and the old become infirm. If anything of it is
    abandoned it is said: The Sunnah has been abandoned. It was said: When will that
    occur, O Aboo Abdur Rahman? He said: When your scholars pass away, and those
    ignorant amongst you become many; when those who recite amongst you are many,
    but those who have understanding of the religion are few; when your leaders are
    many, but those who are trustworthy are few; when this world is sought with
    actions of the Hereafter; and when knowledge is sought for other than the
    (Reported by ad-Daarimee, al-Laalikaa'ee, al-Haakim and

    The means of escape is to follow the example provided for
    us! Indeed obeying and following Allh's Messenger (SAW) is the greatest escape
    from the trials which envelop us.

    For Allh, for Allh, O servants of
    Allh, learn, and act, and fear Allh and obey Him that you may be shown

    The Islmic Personality is a clear and distinct personality. Its
    fabric is the Book of Allh, and its thread is the Sunnah and these two are
    inseparable from it. It is a sincere and determined personality educated and
    refined upon precise methodology which does not contain even the slightest
    deficiency because it emanates from the source of all knowledge, Allah

    We ask Allh to grant success to all of the Muslims, and that He
    establishes us upon the way and methodology of His Prophet (SAW). He is the best
    One to ask and the greatest One who responds, and our final call is all praise
    is for Allh, Lord of all the worlds.

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