The Muttahida Qaumi Movement generally known as MQM, is a secular political party in Pakistan. The student organization, All Pakistan Muhajir Student Organization (APMSO), was founded in 1978 by Altaf Hussain which subsequently gave birth to the Muhajir Qaumi Movement in 1984. In 1997, the MQM officially removed the term Muhajir (which denotes the party's roots among the country's Urdu-speaking community) from its name, and replaced it with Muttahida ("United"). The MQM is generally known as a party which holds strong mobilizing potential in Karachi, having traditionally been the dominant political force in the city. Muttahida Qaumi Movement is currently the second largest party in Sindh with 54 out of 130 seats and overall the fourth largest party in the National Assembly of Pakistan after the Pakistan Muslim League (N), Pakistan Peoples Party and Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaaf.

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