Fauna of Africa, in its broader sense, is all the animals living on the African continent and its surrounding seas and islands. The more characteristic African fauna is found in the Afrotropical ecoregion - formerly called Ethiopian (the Sub-Saharan Africa).Lying almost entirely within the tropics, and equally to north and south of the equator creates favourable conditions for rich wildlife.
Whereas the earliest traces of life in fossil record of Africa date to the earliest times, the formation of African fauna as we know it today, began with the splitting up of the Gondwana supercontinent in the mid-Mesozoic era.

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