* If you are in a building, stay inside until the shaking or tremors stop. Most injuries during earthquakes occur when people are hit by falling objects when entering or exiting buildings.
* Use the 'DUCK, COVER, HOLD' tecnhique which is to,
1) minimize your movements during an earthquake.
2) move quickly to get to the nearest safe place.
3) then stay there.
* Take cover under a sturdy desk, table or bench, or against an inside wall. Stay away from glass, windows, outside doors or walls or any other thing that could fall.
* If you are in bed, stay there or underneath, and protect your head with a pillow.
* If you are not near a table or desk, cover your face and head with your arms, and crouch in an inside corner of the building.
* Do not seek shelter in a doorway unless you know that it is a strongly supported load-bearing doorway.
* Do not use elevators.



* If you are outdoors, stay there. Move away from buildings, streetlights and utility wires.
* If you are in a moving vehicle, stop as quickly and safely as possible and stay in the vehicle.
* Avoid stopping near or under buildings, trees, overpasses or utility Wires.


* Be prepared for aftershocks. These secondary shock waves are usully less violent than the main quake but can be strong enough to do additional damage to weakened structures.
* Visually inspect utility lines [gas, electricity, etc.] and appliances for damage.
* If you smell gas or hearing a blowing or hissing sound, open a window, and leave immediately. Shut off the main gas valve if it is outside. (Always turn off the gas before you turn off the electricity)
* Switch off electrical power at the main fuse box or circuit breaker if electrical damage is suspected.
* Use the phone only to report life threatening emergencies. (Many lives have been jeopardized or lost because of jammed cell phone network or overloaded telephone lines)